About Us Bilateral Exchanges with Madagascar

Unclassified

As on 21 October, 2020

Embassy of India

Antananarivo

 

India-Madagascar Unclassified brief

 

India has had maritime links with Madagascar for several centuries.  Settlements of Indian merchants in Madagascar date back to the late eighteenth century. The late nineteenth century and early years of the twentieth century witnessed a steady increase in the number of persons from India in Madagascar and persons of Indian origin began to play a significant role in business here.

 

            There are about 17,500 persons of India origin in Madagascar, including approximately 2500 Indian passport holders.  Most of them are in trading but also manufacturing and other businesses. In recent years a number of Indian professionals have been working in different companies including multi-national companies in Madagascar. The first Indians settlers, mostly from Gujarat, arrived in Madagascar in 1780s. Most of them are in trading but some of them are also in the manufacturing, real estate and other assorted businesses.   The role played by the Indian community and diaspora in economic development of Madagascar is appreciated at all levels. Some of the Indian Diaspora are quite influential. In recent years a number of Indian professionals have migrated and are working in different companies, including multi-national companies in Madagascar. The Indian Diaspora has been playing a significant role in preserving and promoting Indian culture and traditional values.

 

India opened a Consulate General in Antananarivo in 1954. Upon Madagascar gaining independence in 1960, the Consulate General was up-graded to an Embassy. Madagascar experienced political crisis in 2009. The transitional government was not recognized by the international community. The general elections were subsequently held in December 2013 and Mr. Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina was elected as President and assumed office on 25 January 2014. The international community formally recognized the government in May 2014. President Hery Rajaonarimampianina resigned in September 2018 to be able to contest again in the Presidential elections.  The elections were held in two phases – first one in November and the second one in December 2018 in which President Andry Rajoelina became victorious and was sworn in as the President of Madagascar on 19 January, 2019.  A 23-member Council of Ministers led by Prime Minister Ntsay Christian was sworn in on January 24, 2019. A 23-member Council of Ministers led by Prime Minister Christian Ntsay was sworm in on January 24, 2019. In the legislative elections held on May 27, 2019 on 151 seats, RID (the ruling coalition of parties led by President Andry's TGV Party) secured absolute majority with 84 seats. Prime Minister Christian Ntsay gave his technical resignation, as stipulated under the constitutional provisions after the election of a new legislative assembly, and was re-appointed as Prime Minister with a 22-member Council of Ministers.

India and Madagascar enjoy cordial bilateral relations.  Madagascar has been supportive of India’s demand for Permanent Membership of UNSC and G-4 initiative for Expansion of the UNSC. Madagascar has also supported India’s candidatures in various UN and other international bodies.

Honourable Rashtrapatiji, Shri Ram Nath Kovind visited Madagascar from 14-15 March, 2018. Bilateral agreements in the field of Defence Cooperation and an amendatory Air Service Agreement were signed.  

            A list of high-level bilateral visits that have taken place so far is as follows:

 Visits from Madagascar

 


Sl.  No.

Name of the Visitor

Date of visit

Purpose

1.

Mr. Didier Ratsiraka, President

1980

Bilateral

2.

Mr. Didier Ratsiraka, President

1983

To participate in NAM Summit

3.

Malagasy Parliamentary delegation

2000

Bilateral

4

Mr. Lila Hanitra  Ratsifandrihamanana,

Foreign Minister

2001

Bilateral

5.

Mr. Marcel Ranjeva, Foreign Minister

2005

Bilateral discussions

6.

Chief of Staff to the President

Feb 2006

Bilateral

7.

Mr. Marius Ratolojanahary,

Minister for Agriculture

Jul 2007

Bilateral discussions on Agricultural matters

8.

Mr. Ivohasina Razafimahefa,

Minister for Economy, Commerce and Industry;  and

Mr. Marius Ratolojanahary,

Minister for Agriculture

Mar 2008

To participate in CII organized India Africa Project Partnership Conclave

9.

Mr. Marius Ratolojanahary,

Minister for Agriculture

Nov 2008

To sign LOC Agreement with EXIM Bank

10.

Mr. Pierrot J. Rajaonarivelo,

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Nov 2012

To participate in the IOR-ARC Ministerial Meeting. Also met MoC Mrs. D. Purandeshwari

11.

Prof (Mr.) Mamy Lalatiana Andriamanarivo, Health Minister

Aug

2015

To attend Global Health Ministers Conference in New Delhi

12.

President Hery Rajaonarimampianina

Oct

2015

Led a 17-member delegation to New Delhi to participate in the 3rd IAFS.  The delegation, among others included, Spouse of the President, Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Agriculture and Industry and Private Sector Development. President and Foreign Minister had bilateral meetings with both PM and EAM where subjects of mutual interests were discussed.

13.

Minister of Transport and Meteorology Mr. Benjamina Ramarcel Ramanantsoa

Mar

2017

12th CII-Exim Bank on India-Africa Project Partnership, New Delhi

14.

Minister of Trade and Consumer Affairs Mr. Tazafy Armand

April 2017

3rd Global Exhibition on Services, Greater Noida

15.

Minister of Finance and Budget Mr.Rakotoarimanana Francois Marie Maurice Gervais

 

Minister of Agriculture and Livestock, Mr.Rivo Rakotovao

 

 

May 2017

 

52nd Annual African Development Bank meeting, Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat

 

16.

International Solar Alliance Summit meeting in India – Madagascar represented by Energy Minister Mr. Lantoniana Rasoloelison 

March 2018

First International Summit of the Solar Alliance in New Delhi.

17.

Minister of Water, Sanitation & Hygeine Mr. Roland Ravatomanga

Sept-Oct 2018

Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention (MGISC)

18.

Ministry of National Defence – Lt.Col Antilahy Louis Herve, Deputy Commandant of Support Regiment and Lt.Col Ralaikoa Martin Raymond, Deputy Head of Department of Domain of the General Staff of the Malagasy Army

18-27 March, 2019

Multinational India-Africa Field Training Exercise (IAFTX) conducted by the Indian Army in Pune, Maharashtra.

19.

H.E. Lt. General RAKOTONIRINA Léon Jean Richard, Minister of National Defence

Commander RAMANDAVOLA Haro Manitra Ambinintsoa, Chief of Defence Staff, Ministry of National Defence

Mrs. RAZAFIMAMONJY Elie Delphine, Technical Advisor to the Minister of National Defense;

Mr. ANDRIATIANA Hery, Technical Advisor to the Ministry of National Defense

5-7 February, 2020

DefExpo-2020 and India-Africa Defence Ministers’ Conclave organised by MoD and MEA in Lucknow, UP.

 

Sl. No.

Name of the Visitor

Date of visit

Purpose

1.

Shri P.A. Sangma,

Minister of State for Commerce

1985

Bilateral

2.

Shri Hari Kishore Singh,

External Affairs Minister

1990

Bilateral

3.

Shri Santhosh Kumar Gangwar, MoS(Finance)

Oct

 2016

PM’s Africa Outreach Programme. Called on Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Industry, Trade etc

4.

Shri Ram Nath Kovind, Hon’ble President of India

 Minister of State for ­­­­­­­Health & Family Welfare, Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey, and four Members of Parliament: Shri Hukum Dev Narayan Yadav, Shri Manoj Tiwari, Shri R Radha Krishnan and Mrs Vijila Satyanath

14-15 March, 2018

State visit.

 

 

Visits Naval Ship visits from India

 

Ship Visits:  Indian naval ships have been making goodwill visits to Madagascar ports for many years.  In recent times the visits were as follows:

 

·        The Indian Naval Ship (INS) “Mumbai” paid a four day goodwill visit to Port Toamasina from 9th to 12th September 2006.

·        The Indian Coast Guard Ship ICGS “Samar” visited Diego Suarez Port in August 2007. 

·        The INS “Talwar” visited Diego Suarez for four days from 24th to 28th August 2008. 

·        Four Indian Naval Ships, namely, INS Mumbai, INS Talwar, INS Teg and INS Deepak made a port call at Antsiranana, Madagascar from 9 to 12 October 2014.

·        One Indian Coastguard Ship ‘Samarth’ was on a 4-day visit from Antsiranana from 31 Aug to 3 Sept, 2016.

·        Two Indian Naval Ships – INS Trikand and INS Mumbai visited the port of Antsiranana from 14-17 May, 2018.

·        Two Indian Naval Ships – INS Tarkash and INS and INS Kolkata visited port of Toamasina from 20-21 October, 2018.

.     Four Indian Naval Ships (INR TIR, INS SHARDUL, INS SUJATA & ICGS SARATHI) visited the port of Antsiranana for a courtesy port call from 1-4 October, 2019.

-     An Indian Coast Guard ship 'INS Vikram' visited the port of Toamasina on a courtesy port call from 23 to 26 December, 2019.

-     INS Airavat visited the port of Antsiranana during 'Operation Vanilla' and delivered the relief material from Government of India on 1 February, 2020 for the flood-affected regions of the northern region of Madagascar.

-    INS Shardul visited the port of Antsiranana from 10-14 March, 2020 to deliver 600 tonnes of ice as human disaster and relief assistance (HADR) to Madagascar for help in dealing with the situation arisen due to the heavy floods on the northern region of Madagascar.

-     INS Kesari visited the port of Antsiranana from 26-28 May, 2020 to deliver the consignment of medicines meant for treatment of Covid-19 as per the request received from the Malagasy side.

 

 

Bilateral Developmental Cooperation: Government of India had extended a concessional Line of Credit of US$ 25 million to Madagascar for raising productivity of rice and setting up of fertilizer plants. The then Malagasy Minister of Agriculture signed an agreement in this regard in New Delhi in 2008 with EXIM Bank of India. The implementation of project was delayed due to political and economic situation in the country.  An additional LOC of US$ 2.5 million to complete implementing the US$ 25 million LOC project, was approved by Government of India in February 2017 and the work is in progress. An additional line of credit of $ 80.72 million has been approved by the Government of India in 2019 for the development of irrigation, food processing projects and farm mechanization in four regions of Madagascar. 

Centre for Geo-informatics Applications in Rural Development (CGARD): As a follow up to the IAFS II (2012)  decision to set up capacity building institutions in Africa, an MoU was signed on 29 February 2016 between India and Madagascar for setting up of a Centre for Geo-informatics Applications in Rural Development (CGARD) in Antananarivo. The Centre was jointly inaugurated by Hon’ble Rashtrapatiji and the Malagasy President on 14 March, 2018 and the Centre is presently functional. The bilateral agreement for establishment of CGARD Centre which was signed in 2016 for a period of three years,  has been extended till March 2021.

         International Solar Alliance: Madagascar has signed the International Solar Alliance Framework Agreement in Marrakech, Morocco in November 2016 and has ratified the instrument on 12 February 2018.  Madagascar was represented at the Ministerial level at the Founding Conference of the ISA on 11 March 2018. A Malagasy delegation participated in the First General Assembly meeting of the ISA held in New Delhi from 2-5 October, 2018. At the First General Assembly meeting of ISA in New Delhi on 3 October, 2018, an amendment to the ‘Framework Agreement’ was introduced which was meant to grant ‘Partner Country’ status to the countries which fall outside the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, but are members of the UN and are willing and able to contribute to the objectives and activities provided in the Framework Agreement. 

       Mahtma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention (MGISC): A high-level delegation led by the Mr. Roland Ravatomanga, Minister of Water, Sanitation & Hygiene participated in the MGISC from 29 Sept to 2nd October, 2018. The mega-event was organised by the Swatch Bharat Mission, the world's largest sanitation programme under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation of India. The Malagasy Minister was one of the prominent speakers at the Plenary session of the Convention.

            Cooperation in defence sector: India and Madagascar signed an MoU for Defence Cooperation in March 2018 during the visit of the Hon’ble Rasthrapatiji to Madagascar and several cooperation projects in the area of defence are under discussions between the two countries.

 

Aid Assistance: 

 

-      The Government of India provided cash assistance of US$100,000/- to Madagascar as disaster relief for damages caused due to the tropical cyclone ‘Haruna’ in early 2013.

-      The Government of India provided cash relief assistance of US$200,000/- in April 2015 for the victims of cyclone Chedza of January 2015.

-      A cash grant of US$ 2 million was handed over to the BNGRC (Natural Disaster Management Agency of Madagascar) as per the announcement made by Hon’ble Rashtrapatiji on 14 March 2018.

-      A donation of 1000 Metric Tonnes of Rice and consignment of approximately 100 tonnes of medicines for the drought victims of Southern Madagascar, ENAWO cyclone and Plague epidemic were given by Govt of India.

-      Computers, office equipment and furniture were given to the Malagasy Senate in April 2018 as GoI assistance. 

-     During 'Operation Vanilla' donation of relief material from Government of India on 1 February, 2020 for the flood-affected regions of the northern region of Madagascar.

-     Donation of 600 tonnes of rice in March, 2020 as human disaster and relief assistance (HADR) to Madagascar for help in dealing with the situation arisen due to the heavy floods in the northern region of Madagascar. donation of a consignment of medicines in May, 2020 meant for treatment of Covid-19 qas per the request received from the Malagasy side.

 

Capacity Building Programme: As part of South-South Cooperation, India’s focus has been on capacity building including training in highly skilled/technical fields through courses which are offered under ITEC and India Africa Forum Summit Scholarships, which has been widely appreciated by the local population. On the request of the Malagasy Armed Forces the Ministry enhanced the slots from two to twenty.

The utilization of the scholarships are as per the detailed chart below:

 

No

Scholarship

Year (allotted and utilized)

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20(upto 31 Dec, 2019)

Allotted

Utilized

Allotted

Utilized

Allotted

Utilized

Allotted

Utilized

1.

ITEC

50

     66

70

     80

80

97

107

60

2.

IAFS

-

78

-

29

-

19

 

9

3.

CV Raman

1

1

1

1


0

 --


4.

FSI Course

-

01

01

01

01

01

01

0

5.

ICCR

12

17

12

3

12

10

12

7

 

In addition to the above, 2 Malagasy journalists participated in the training programme for Young Journalists from Africa during 13-27 September 2014 in New Delhi; organized by the XP Division, Ministry of External Affairs. Also, 2 Malagasy journalists participated in a familiarization programme under the hospitality of the XP Division of the Ministry of External Affairs in August 2018. A journalist from Midi-Madagascar newspaper visited India under the Familiarisation Visit of the Journalists from Africa to India on 17-24 March, 2019 which coincided with 14th CII-Exim Bank Conclave.

 Madagascar was a beneficiary of the Pan African e-network project. Tele-education facilities offered in collaboration with Imailaka University have benefitted 228 students since the start of the project. In all, 109 telemedicine consultations have been arranged since beginning of the project and twelve patients have undergone treatment in India using the tele-medicine facility of the project.

 An Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) Team visited Madagascar to conduct a 5-day workshop from February 24-28 2014 on Executive Management Programme for a targeted group in collaboration with the Malagasy Ministry of Trade and the Chamber of Commerce, EDBM (Economic Development Board of Madagascar) and ITBM (International Trade Board of Madagascar). Similarly workshop on “International Business Diplomacy” for Malagasy public servants was again held from 16-20 April, 2018 by a 3-member team of IIFT senior professors, which was well appreciated by the Malagasy side.


Culture

Indian Community/Diaspora: There are about 17,500 persons of Indian origin in Madagascar including approximately 2500 NRIs holding Indian passports.  Most of them are in trading but some of them are also in the manufacturing and other businesses. Indian origin population constitutes less than 1% of the total population of approx. 25 million. In recent years a number of Indian professionals have been working in different companies, including multi-national companies in Madagascar. The role played by the Indian community and diaspora in economic development of Madagascar is appreciated at all levels.  Some of the Indian Diaspora are quite influential and their contribution to the total GDP of Madagascar is substantial.  The Indian Diaspora has been playing a significant role in preserving and promoting Indian culture and traditional values in Madagascar.

International Day of Yoga  (IDY) : The Mission successfully celebrated six editions of International Day of Yoga – the inaugural edition on 21 June 2015;  the second and the third editions on 18 June 2016 & 2017, the fourth edition on 21 June, 2018, fifth edition on 21st June 2019 and the sixth edition on 21st June 2020. There was appreciable increase in the participation by the Malagasy community in addition to international community present in Antananarivo.  This year the IDY was celebrated online due to COVID-19 pandemic.

 

            The 550th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Devji was celebrated on Sunday 10 November 2019 from 1100 hours to 1300 hours at the Embassy Auditorium.  The event was attended by members of Indian diaspora from different sects and religions.

 

            To mark the celebration of the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the Mission organised a display of pictures / photographs on the life events of Bapu at the La City Centre in Antananarivo from 2 to 12 October, 2018.  An LED projection of a slide-show on life events of Mahatma Gandhi was also organised by the Mission on Group Sipromad Tower on 2nd October, 2018.  An exhibition of photographs on Gandhi ji’s life events was held at Fort Dauphin in collaboration with the Anosy Chamber of Commerce on 25 November, 2018. A commemorative stamp on Mahatma Gandhi was issued by Madagascar post on 2nd October 2019.  A 13-member delegation from Madagascar participated in the Surajkund Mela from 1-16 February, 2020 in India.The grand finale of the celebrations of the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi was celebrated with inauguration of a 8kW Solar Power Plant at the Embassy building by the Malagasy Prime Minister Christian Ntsay and Ambassador Abhay Kumar. A Gandhi Katha “The Oceanic Gandhi” by Prof. Makarand Paranjape was also organised on this occasion. The Mission organised an online conversation with violin maestro Dr. L. Subramaniam and well known singer, Kavita Krishnamurti on 19 October, 2020.

Festival of India in Madagascar: The first ever Festival of India in Madagascar (sponsored by the Ministry of Culture, Sangeet Natak Academy and ITDC) was organized in Antananarivo in 2015. The inaugural show was held with a scintillating fusion dance performance by Nrityarupa dance troupe from SNA. This was followed by a Bhangra dance performances and Mehandi Art show (9-12 October at Antananarivo & Toamasina), Food Festival of India (9-15 November at Antananarivo) and Gujarati Folk Dance performances (25-30 November at Antananarivo and Mahajanga). The events received overwhelming response from the local NRI/PIO community as well as diplomatic corps, Government dignitaries, businessmen, professionals and artists. A 2nd Festival of India in Madagascar is soon scheduled to be organised and the dates and programme for it are being worked out. 


 

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