About Us Bilateral relations with Comoros

Embassy of India
Antananarivo
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Brief on India-Comoros Relations

Comoros is strategically located in the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean between Madagascar and Mozambique. 98% of population of Comoros follow Sunni Islam. The commonly used languages are Shikomoro (Swahili dialect), French and Arabic.

2. India established diplomatic relations with Comoros in June 1976 and the Embassy of India in Antananarivo is also accredited to Comoros. India and Comoros enjoy close and friendly relations. Both countries are members of IORA and share similar views on regional and multilateral issues of importance. Comoros joined IORA in November 2012 – a regional forum consisting of coastal countries bordering the Indian Ocean.

3. President of Comoros H.E. Mr. Azali Assoumani took part in the G-20 Summit held in New Delhi on 9-10 September 2023, in his capacity as the then President of the African Union. President Assoumani sent a video message for the 2nd addition of Voice of the Global South Summit chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi in the virtual format on 17 November 2023. He also took part in the virtual G-20 Summit under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Modi on 22 November 2023. 

4. Foreign Minister of Comoros H.E. Mr. Dhoihir Dhoulkamal visited New Delhi from 1-3 March 2023 to take part in the G-20 Foreign Ministers Meeting, in Comoros’s capacity as the Chair of the African Union. He had a bilateral meeting with External Affairs Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar on the sidelines of the G-20 Foreign Ministers Meeting. Minister of Economy and Industry of Comoros H.E. Mr. Ahmed Ali Bazi attended the G-20 Development Ministers Meeting from 11-13 June 2023 in Varanasi. Foreign Minister Dhoihir Dhoulkamal took part in the 7th Indian Ocean Conference held in Perth (Australia) on 9-10 February 2024. 

5. Hon’ble EAM Dr. S. Jaishankar called on President of Comoros, Azali Assoumani on the sidelines of 77th Session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York on 20 September 2022. EAM welcomed President’s appreciation for India’s outreach in combating Covid-19 and dengue. They also discussed about taking forward the development partnership and working together on maritime security. 

6. 12 diplomats from Comoros took part in the 1st Special Course for diplomats of the Indian Ocean Region at Sushma Swaraj Institute of Foreign Service, Ministry of External Affairs, New Delhi from 20 September - 01 October 2021. One diplomat from Comoros attended the 69th Professional Course for Foreign Diplomats (PCFD) from 03-28 October 2022 at Sushma Swaraj Institute of Foreign Service (SSIFS).

7. Hon’ble EAM Dr. S. Jaishankar had a telephonic conversation with the Comorian Foreign Minister in April 2020 following which a 14 member Indian medical assistance team was sent to Comoros to help in the fight against Covid-19 and Dengue. 

8. Hon’ble Vice-President of India visited Comoros from 10-12 October, 2019, during which six MoUs were signed:

  1. MoU on Exemption of Visa Diplomatic and Official / Service Passport Holders 

  2. MoU on Cooperation in the Field of Arts & Culture

  3. MoU on Cooperation in the Field of Defence

  4. MoU for Cooperation in the Field of Health & Medicine

  5. Protocol for Consultations between India and Comoros

  6. MoU for Participation in the e-VBAB Network Project

Following announcements for grants were made during the visit of the Hon’ble Vice-President of India (HVPI) to Comoros from 10-12 October, 2019:

  1. Medicines and medical equipment worth US$ 1 mn.

  2. Transport vehicles worth US$ 1 mn

  3. Interceptor Boats worth US$ 2 mn

  4. Supply of 1000 MT of rice. (Delivered in March 2021 during the visit of INS Jalashwa to Comoros.  Foreign Minister Dhoihir Dhoulkamal  received the consignment on behalf of Govt. of Comoros.)

9. President of the Union of Comoros, H.E. Mr. Azali Assoumani led a Comorian delegation to participate in the Founding Conference of the International Solar Alliance in New Delhi in March 2018. 

10.  The then Minister of State for Science & Technology, Mr. Y.S. Chowdhary visited Comoros as Special Envoy of the Prime Minister of India in August 2015.

Trade-Economic Cooperation

11. India was the second largest export destination of Comoros (IMF, 2021). Comoros as an LDC, is also a beneficiary under GoIs Duty Free Tariff Preference scheme introduced in April 2008.

12. Balance of Trade –The total export and import figures of India with respect to Comoros available on Export-Import Data Bank of Department of Commerce, Government of India for the last five years is given below:

13. Bilateral Trade Figures (US Dollar Million)


Years

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

2022-23

2023-24

India’s Export

18.88

18.26

23.05


39.83


27.95

India’s Import

19.65

12.48

14.87


16.11


18.65

Total Trade

38.52

30.74

37.91

55.93

46.6

Source: DGFT

14. Main Items of Import and Export: Top commodities of import from Comoros to India are cloves, iron and steel, copper, aluminium etc. and the top commodities of export from India to Comoros are rice, meat, cotton, sugar, textiles etc.

Defence 

15. Delegate of Defence at the Presidency of Comoros (Defence Minister H.E. Mr. Youssoufa Mohamad Ali represented Comoros at the 4th Addition of Goa Maritime Conclave hosted by Indian Navy from 29-31 October 2023 in Goa. Two officers of the Comorian Coast Guard participated in the Goa Maritime conclave from 30 October – 01 November 2022. Two officers of the Comorian Coast Guard participated in the online video conference of the Goa Maritime Conclave from 11-13 May 2021. 

16. Two officers of the Comorian Coast Guard took part in the multilateral Naval Exercise “MILAN-2024”, held in Visakhapatnam (India) from 19-27 February 2024. Two officers of the Comorian Coast Guard participated in the online Mid-planning conference for MILAN 2022 on 18 November 2021.

17. Capt. Elmir Mohamed, Head of Operations, Planning and Training in Central Command of the Comorian Coast Guard represented Comoros in the virtual meetings of Chiefs of Navy of the Indian Ocean Region (MAHASAGAR) held on 29 November 2023 and 02 April 2024.

18. A Line of Credit for US$ 20 mn was announced for procurement of Boats during the visit of the Hon’ble Vice-President of India to Comoros from 10-12 October 2019.

19. Technical Assistance: Indian Naval Ship Kesari visited Comoros on 7 January 2022 to extend technical assistance to the Comorian Coast Guard.The visit came as a response to the request made by the Comorian Coast Guard (CCG) to the Indian Navy during the Goa Maritime Conclave 2021 for providing technical assistance in repairing a grounded patrol vessel of CCG: P002-M' kombozi.

20. Indian Naval Ship (INS) Tarkash made a Port Call at Port Mutsamudu in Anjouan, Comoros from 18-20 October 2022. The ship carried out capability enhancement activities for the Comoros Coast Guard. Activities like Yoga and sports were also organized during the visit.

Developmental Partnership

21. Lt. Col. Moudjib Rahmane Adaine, National Development Army, Comoros attended the ITEC Executive programme held at the National Defence College in New Delhi from 18-30 March 2024.

22. Mr. Hassane Ahamada Mohamed Hassane, Deputy Director General and Mrs. Ali Mohamed Naifata, Financial Governance Monitoring Officer of the Ministry of Finance of Comoros attended the ITEC Executive programme entitled "Global Trends in Building Infrastructure for Development" held at IIM Indore from 28 April – 11 May 2024.

23. India offers a number of scholarships to Comoros under its developmental partnership. As on date, total slots availed by Comoros are:


i. ICCR:  39

ii. ITEC-Civilian:  96

iii. IAFS-III: 29

iv. Ilearn portal: 2

Humanitarian Assistance

24.  In December 2012, Government of India provided US$ 100,000 as assistance to Comoros for losses suffered on account of torrential rains in April 2012.

25. In response to the requests received from the Government of Comoros for supply of medicines including 600mg Chloroquine and 250mg Azythromycin in dealing with Covid-19 situation, during telephonic conversation between the Foreign Minister of Comoros and EAM, a 14-member Medical Assistance Team visited from India onboard INS Kesari from 1 to 18 June, 2020 as India’s support to Comoros in fight against spread of Dengue and Covid-19. A consignment of medicines as relief assistance was also donated by India to Comoros in support of its fight against Covid-19 pandemic.

26. INS Jalashwa visited the port of Anjouan in Comoros from 14-18 March 2021 to deliver 1000 MT of rice in fulfilment of the announcement of donation of rice made during the visit of the Hon’ble Vice-President of India to Comoros in Oct 2019. The consignment of rice was received by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Comoros, H.E. Mr. Dhoihir Dhoulkamal.

27. EXIM Bank of India had offered a concessional credit of US$41.6 million in the year 2013 for setting up a power plant in Moroni and the same has been accepted by Comoros. An Agreement to implement the LOC has been signed and the foundation stone for the project, laid in July 2015. A consortium of BHEL and Indian company Overseas Infrastructure Alliance (OIA) Ltd. are the contractors of the project.

28. India donated Anti TB Drugs to Comoros in July 2022 under NTEP (National Tuberculosis Elimination Program).

Culture

29. An ICCR-sponsored Indian Contemporary Dance Group visited Moroni and performed at the Comorian National Assembly Hall on 28 August, 2018. This was the first ever visit by an Indian dance group to Comoros. The event was attended by the Comorian President along with First Lady, the Foreign Minister, Speaker of the National Assembly as well as a few other Ministers and senior dignitaries. One Comorian national participated in Kumbh Mela celebrations organised by the Indian Council of Cultural Relations from 21-24 March, 2019. A 15-member delegation participated from Comoros in the Surajkund Mela (Haryana) in February2020 and in February 2023. 12 artists from Comoros took part in the Surajkund International Crafts Mela in Haryana from 2-18 February 2024.

30. All 9 editions of International Day of Yoga have been celebrated in Moroni, Comoros to coincide with the worldwide celebrations of IDY. Persons from a cross section of Comorian society, which included local senior government dignitaries, members of diplomatic corps and Indian diaspora, participate in the event. 9th International Day of Yoga was celebrated in Moroni on 15 June 2023.

Indian Diaspora

31. The Indian Diaspora comprises of around 250 persons and majority of them are engaged in trade and business. The role played by the Indian community in the overall development of Comoros is highly appreciated at all levels. The Indian Diaspora has been playing significant role in promoting Indian culture and traditional values in Comoros. In recent years, a number of young professionals have started working for some foreign companies in Comoros.

Resources:

www.eoiantananarivo.gov.in

https://www.facebook.com/IndiainAntananarivoMadagascar/?ref=bookmarks

https://twitter.com/IndembTana

https://www.instagram.com/indiainmadagascar/

ANNEXURE-1

Bilateral Visits from Comoros to India


Sl. No.

Name of the Visitor

Date of visit

Purpose

1.

Mr. Souef Mohamed El-Amine, Minister of External Relations & Cooperation

August 2004

Bilateral visit

2.

Mr. Ahmed Ben Said Djaffer Minister of External Relations & Cooperation

July 2006

Bilateral visit

3.

Mr. Ahmed Abdullah Mohamed Sambi, President of Comoros

4-8 November 2007

To participate in the 4th International Conference on Federalism.

4.

Mr. Fahmi Said Ibrahim Minister of External Relations & Cooperation

18-19 February 2011

To attend the LDCs Conference

5.

Mr. Mohamed Issimail Minister for National Education

01-02 March 2012

To participate in India-Africa Science & Technology Ministerial Meeting

6.

Mr. Mohamed Bakri Ben Abdoulafatah Charif, Minister of External Relations & Cooperation

02 November 2012

To participate in the Council of Ministers Meeting of Indian Ocean Rim-Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC)

7.

Mr. Mohamed Ali Soilihi Vice President in-charge of Finance Ministry

21-23 February 2013

To sign Agreement with EXIM Bank for grant of US$ 41.6 million LOC

8.

Mr. Mohamed Ali Soilihi Vice President in-charge of Finance Ministry

21-23 October 2015

4t h India Africa Trade Ministers Meeting (IATM)

9.

Dr.Ikililou Dhoinine, President of Comoros

23-29 October 2015

IAFS III Summit

10.

Dr.Abdulkarim Mohamed, Minister of Foreign Affairs

January 2016

Ist India Arab League Ministerial Conference, Manama

11.

Mr.Azali Assoumani, President

10-12 March 2018

Led 16-member delegation including Foreign Minister El-Souef Amine for the Founding Conference of the International Solar Alliance in New Delhi.

12.

Mr. Abdou Moustadroine, Minister of Energy, Agriculture, Fisheries & Environment

3 October 2018

Led the Comorian delegation in the First General Assembly meeting of the International Solar Alliance member countries in New Delhi

13.

Mr. Dhoihir Dhoulkamal,

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Comoros

3-5 February 2021

To take part in the Aero India 2021 and IOR Defence Ministers Conclave in Bangalore and had a meeting with Hon’ble Defence Minister of India Shri Rajnath Singh.

14.

Mr. Moudjib Rahmane Adaine, Chief of Comorian Coast Guard

7-9 November 2021.

Goa Maritime Conclave 2021

15.

Mr. Moudjib Rahmane Adaine,  Chief of Comorian Coast Guard

24-28 February 2022

MILAN 2022.

16.

Mr. Moudjib Rahmane Adaine,  Chief of Comorian Coast Guard

18-22 October 2022

To take part in Def Expo 2022 in Gandhinagar (Gujarat).

17.

Col. Said Hamza, Technical Advisor to the Chief of Staff of the Comorian Army

13-17 February 2023

To take part in Aero India 2023 in Bengaluru

18.

Mr. Dhoihir Dhoulkamal,

Foreign Minister of Comoros

1-3 March 2023

To take part in the G-20 Foreign Ministers Meeting in New Delhi.

19.

Lt-Col Kamali Ali, Chief of Land Force of Comoros

28-30 March 2023

Africa- India Exercise (AFINDEX) in Pune.

20.

Mr. Ahmed Ali Bazi,

Minister of Economy and Industry of Comoros

11-13 June 2023

G-20 Development Ministers Meeting in Varanasi.

21.

H.E. Mr. Azali Assoumani, President of the Union of the Comoros

9-10 September 2023

G-20 Summit in New Delhi in his capacity as the President of the African Union

22.

H.E. Mr. Youssoufa Mohamad Ali, Delegate of Defence at the Presidency of Comoros (Defence Minister

29-31 October 2023

4th Addition of Goa Maritime Conclave hosted by Indian Navy in Goa.

23.

Lieutenant Siradji Chamsidine, Commander of the Moroni Naval Base

February 19 to 27, 2024

MILAN 2024 Naval Exercise in Visakhapatnam


May, 2024

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